How to View the Aurora
I used to think it was important to watch the moon phases and to book on dark nights. But, I've had some good photos with the moon in the photo with the aurora. However, if you are so inclined, here is a link to the Moon Phases Calendar.
The Aurora Borealis is an amazing phenomenon. Believe it or not, with some research, you can understand the possibility of its appearance within a 2-3 day timeframe based on scientific data; But, more specifically within an hour or so of its arrival. You cannot predict them weeks or months in advance. Optimal Aurora viewing season in Fairbanks is mid-September to early-to-mid-April, although it can on rare occasions be seen at other times. Darkness is a significant factor in Fairbanks. When planning your vacation, check out this Sunrise/Sunset Calendar and do your research. There are, of course, no guarantees you will see this naturally occurring phenomenon, but if you do catch the show, it is ethereal!
THE SPACE WEATHER PREDICTION CENTER OF THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION is key to predicting the appearance of the Aurora Borealis. Understanding the data is important. Do you research before you go so you can make the most of your Northern Lights experience.
HINT: You want the BZ to be a negative number...The larger the better.